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Egypt

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On 21 February, 2019, the Department for International Trade (DIT) issued guidance entitled, Existing trade agreements if the UK leaves the EU without a deal, which sets out the status of those agreements (free trade agreements, economic partnership agreements, association agreements and customs union) that may not be in place by exit day. It also links to trade agreements that have been signed and mutual recognition agreements that have been signed.

As you may recall, early last year, President Trump issued two presidential memoranda instructing the U.S. Commerce Department to initiate an investigation into the national security implications of steel imports and aluminum imports into the United States.  If these so-called “section 232” (section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, as amended) investigations determine that steel import and/or aluminum imports “threaten to impair the national security[,]” then the President can impose additional customs duties (among other things) on covered products.

On June 16, 2018, the Secretary of Commerce issued his reports to the President in both matters (unclassified versions of the reports are available here).   In each case, the Department of Commerce concluded that the quantities and circumstances surrounding steel and aluminum imports “threaten to impair the national security,” thereby opening the door to the imposition of import restraints.  Specifically, Commerce’s recommendations are as follows:

 Navigating the uncertainty of doing business with Qatar
Broadcast timings on 19 July 2017
6 am San Francisco; 8 am Dallas; 9 am New York; 2 pm London; 3 pm Frankfurt; 5 pm Dubai

On Monday, 5 June 2017, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt cut diplomatic ties with Qatar and moved to close off access to the Gulf country, with a boycott on air, sea or land traffic to and from Qatar, with other Arab and African countries following their lead. The political and economic boycott has had major implications for international trade.

New Egyptian import regulations (Law № 7 of 2017 issued on 7 March 2017, amending Law № 121 of 1982 establishing the Importers Register. The Executive Regulations to these amendments were issued by Ministerial Decree № 846 of 2017 on 1 June 2017) mean that import licences may be revoked if the holder violates Egyptian competition law and receives a final judgment from the Court of Appeal.

On March 29, 2017, the Department of State published in the Federal Register a notice [Public Notice: 9937] stating that, pursuant to Section 490(b)( l )(A) of the Foreign Assistance Act or 1961, as amended, the Under Secretary of State has determined and certified that the top five exporting and importing countries and economies of pseudoephedrine and ephedrine (Canada, China, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Singapore, Republic of Korea, Switzerland and the United…

On December 6, 2016, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) published in the Federal Register a final rule [CBP Dec. 16-23] that amends the CBP regulations to reflect the imposition of import restrictions on certain archaeological material from the Arab Republic of Egypt (Egypt). These restrictions are being imposed pursuant to an agreement between the United States and Egypt that has been entered into under the authority of the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act in accordance with the 1970 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property.

On April 16, 2014, the Department of State published in the Federal Register a notice of receipt of cultural property request from the government of the Arab Republic of Egypt [Public Notice 8696 ]. Egypt, concerned that its cultural heritage is in jeopardy from pillage, made a request to the Government of the United States under Article 9 of the 1970 UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and…